What's the Difference?

The answer to the question of "What level of change to weave structure constitutes a new weave as opposed to a variant?" will vary depending on who you ask. However, it is indisputable that even minor changes in weave structure give you a weave that, while it may be similar to the root weave, is "different" from the original. Unfortunately, this often leads to confusion as to what has actually been woven. Each "What's the Difference?" article in the series will focus on a different set of similar and/or commonly confused weaves. There are many occasions where much of the confusion stems from the comparison of different images with the weaves being in multiple orientations and/or ring sizes. Renders made for the articles will be based upon similar AR's, orientation, and a single compound cell common to all weaves under discussion (Anchor Cell). The anchor cell will be identified.

Renders in this article are made with a wire diameter of 1.22 mm, an actual AR of 4.0, and are woven from left to right. The anchor cell in the following renders is Left Split Bisected.

Fieldstone, Medo Persian, Sweetpea

FMS Weaves.png

In this first article, we will be focusing on the following trio of weaves:

Cellular Structure

The following compound cell forms are used to create the complex (also known as weave) cells that make up the weaves under discussion. We have named cells based upon the final forms that the cells take when connected in the weave when looking at/weaving from left to right.

When viewing bisected cells, they will alternate directionality if rotated on the x, y, or z axis

Important Note: Cell nomenclature has not been finalized at this time and may be changed.

Cell Structures.png
Compound Cells

  • 1a - 1 in 1 Bisected - Copper
  • 1b - Left Bisected - Stainless
  • 1c - Right Bisected - Blue
  • 1d - Left Split Bisected - Brass (Anchor Cell)
Theory Notes: All compound cells in the three weaves being compared are what we call bisected cells.

1a- 1 in 1 Bisected and 1c - Right Bisected are the same cell at different degrees of contraction/extension

1b - Left Bisected and 1c -Right Bisected are the same cell at different degrees of rotation. Directionality is mentioned to differentiate these rotations.

1b - Left Bisected and Left Stacked Bisected (see appendix) are the same cell where the number of rings have been doubled (we call this modification stacking). In this case, the modification allows for the stacked rings to be "split" apart by connecting an adjacent cell between the stacked rings. The splitting of the stacked rings makes 1d a Left Split Bisected cell.

The following combinations of compound cell forms are used to make the complex (weave) cells.

FMS Units-Colored.png
Complex Cells

  • 2a - Fieldstone - Brass (1d) & Stainless (1b)​
  • 2b - Medo Persian - Brass (1d) & Blue (1c)​
  • 2c - Sweetpea - Brass (1d) & Copper (1a)​
The complex cells used in each of these weave all have a common starting point of a Left Split Bisected compound cell (1d).

Simplifying the Complex

Now that the differences in the complex cell structure has been shown, the differences in the connections between complex cells can be discussed.

FMS Weaves-Colored.png

  • Top - Fieldstone - Single connection between complex cells. R1 - the second stainless ring (vertical) connects to R2 & R3 the first pair of brass rings (horizontal) in the next complex cell.
  • Middle - Medo Persian - Dual connections between complex cells. R4 - the first blue ring (vertical) connects to R6 & R7 - the first pair of brass rings (horizontal) in the next complex cell. R5 - the second blue ring (horizontal) connects to R8 & R9 - the second pair of brass rings (vertical) in the next complex cell.
  • Bottom - Sweetpea - Single connection between complex cells. R10 - copper ring is connected to R11 - copper ring in next complex cell.

Making those connections give you the following:

Top - Fieldstone, Middle - Medo Persian, Bottom - Sweetpea
FMS Weaves-Colored.png


The differences in complex cell structure and the connections between the complex cells mentioned previously are what make these weaves structurally distinct from each other. That these complex cells are all made up of a stacked left bisected cell being split by a bisected cell are what make them similar in appearance.


Additional Related Weaves:

One and a Half Persian uses the same complex cell as Fieldstone. In this weave, (other than the difference in AR) what is different is the connection between the complex cells. In One and Half Persian, the first stainless ring (horizontal) is connected to the second pair of brass rings (vertical) in the next complex cell.

One Hour Less Sleep has the same complex cellular connections as Fieldstone. The major difference between the two weaves (other than the necessary increase in AR) is that in the compound cells that make One Hour Less Sleep complex cells, the left bisected cells (1b) are stacked (in this case each single ring is doubled).

Cellular Chainmaille Theory - CCT

Cellular Chainmaille Theory (CCT for short) is something that we're working on here at chainmaillers.com. It is currently a work in progress. Cell types and forms used in this article are based upon our current findings. We hope to be able to share more information with you regarding CCT in the future.


Complex Cell:
Fieldstone Unit.png


Left and Right Stacked Bisected Cells

stacked left and right bisected cells-new.png

Medo Persian

Complex Cell:
Medo Persian Unit.png

Medo Persian.png


Complex Cell:
Sweetpea Unit.png


Author's note:
It is our intent that these articles be living documents where additional information, corrections to any errors, and improvements will be incorporated over time. We encourage any discussion, insights, suggestions, or corrective criticism you may have on the subject presented in this article. This can be done by clicking the "Join the Discussion" button.

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very well explained.
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